Romans- Session 5- Romans 5:1-11

Session 5- Peace

Romans 5:1-11

Lesson Resources:

  • Video Summary:




Subject:  Peace

Central Theme: Peace with God

Objective Statement: We can have peace with God by responding to 3 facts about justification.

Keyword:  Facts

Fact #1- The Benefits of Justification.  V.1-5

Fact #2- The Cost of Justification.  V.6-8.

Fact #3- The Results of Justification.  V.9-11




  • Discussion Questions: Where is a place that you feel “at peace”?
    • At home?
    • In the country?
    • In the city?
    • Around certain people?
  • My grandparents own a ranch in Texas that overlooks a large lake.
  • One of the most peaceful places in the world is in a rocking chair on their porch.
  • Discussion Question: Where is a place that is not very peaceful for you?
  • Discussion Question: Have you ever felt a lack of peace because of conflict in a relationship?


  • We value peace, don’t we?
  • The greatest need that most people have is not often their most urgent need.
  • The greatest need that mankind has is the need for justification.
  • According to the word of God, you and I, outside of Jesus Christ, are at odds with God.
  • But the good news is that we can be made right with God, or justified, because of what Christ has done for us.
  • Justification really is our greatest need.
  • We have been talking about justification in this study on the book of Romans.
  • Paul comes to chapter 5 and begins to tell us some crucial facts about justification.

We can have peace with God by responding to 3 facts about justification.

Fact #1- The Benefits of Justification.  V.1-5

Romans 5:1

(1)  Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:



  • Paul has laid out the case until this point in the book of Romans that we cannot be made right with God by doing good deeds.
  • The law is our teacher letting us know that we cannot keep God’s law.
  • We all stand guilty before God.
  • He has also made the case that there is a justification that comes apart from the law.
  • We are justified, or made right with God, by faith in Christ and the grace of God- a point that is well summarized in Ephesians 2:8-9.


For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast.

(Ephesians 2:8-9)


  • Those who have been justified by faith now experience the grace that comes from that reality.  Paul begins to count them here. In verse 1 we have the first reality.  Now we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.
  • Our sin makes us the enemies of God outside of Christ.  Again, Ephesians 2:1-3 describe well our state before we were saved.


And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins; Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

(Ephesians 2:1-3)


  • Notice what is said about our position at then end of those three verses.
  • We “were by nature the children of wrath.”  Who’s wrath is he talking about?
  • He is referring to the wrath of God.  God, being Holy, must punish sin.  Because of Christ’s atoning death on the cross, we can believe in Christ.
  • When we do our position before God goes from wrath to peace.  Because we are justified by faith, we have peace with God instead of judgement.



  • The natural question that should come from this reality is this:  What is my position before God?  Am I a child of wrath, or do I have peace with God?
  • One may ask, “Doesn’t God love everyone?”  God does love everyone.  But God, being infinite, can be loving and holy at the same time.
  • In fact, this is seen on the cross.  God is so Holy that He pours out His wrath on His Son as He became Sin for us.  All sin is punished on the cross.  Yet, at the same time, He is so loving that He is doing this for us.  He loved us so much that He gave His Son to die for us.
  • God does not let sin go.  He has made provision for our forgiveness.  We must accept Him as Savior.

By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.

(Romans 5:2)



  • Because we have been justified by faith in Jesus Christ we have been given peace with God.
  • But not only have we been given peace, we have been given access to God because of God’s grace.
  • Our sin made us the enemies of God by nature and by action.
  • What caused that enmity between us was dealt with on the cross.  But to have a relationship with God, I need to be able to access Him.
  • Because of justification, my enmity with God is gone, and now I can go to Him.
  • I can have a relationship with Him.  I can pray to Him and He hears me.  Now that I’m a part of His family He treats me as a son.


  • Illustration:
    • When I went to Springfield, Missouri to go to Baptist Bible College in the fall of 2000, if I wanted to see the Pastor of Cherry Street Baptist Church at that time I would have had to make an appointment.  Pastor Gilming is a great man, and He was the pastor of the church at the time.  As a freshman, to have a long conversation with Pastor Gilming I would have to be given an appointment.  Today, when I go to Cherry Street Baptist Church, I walk right past the secretary and into the office of the Pastor.  Why?  The pastor there today is my dad.  It’s a matter of access.  I don’t have to make an appointment with my Dad, because I’m his kid.


  • It’s a simple illustration, but it makes the point that our relationship with God, once we have been justified by faith in Jesus, has fundamentally changed.
  • We have a new position of grace and sonship, and with this new position comes access to God.
  • It’s because of this that we can hope in the glory of God.  We celebrate it.  We worship Him, because in His glory He has saved us from the power of sin, and one day He will bring us out from even the presence of sin.



  • If I’ve been given peace with God, and access to God, then I should take time to commune with God.
  • I can go to God about everything in my life.
  • He has given me His Word which is living and active.
  • He has indwelled me with His Spirit which convicts me of sin, convinces me of Truth, and illuminates my mind and my heart to the Scripture.
  • What a privilege.  Don’t waste it!


And not only so, but we glory in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;  (4)  And patience, experience; and experience, hope:  (5)  And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.

Romans 5:3-5


  • As believers, we don’t just glory in what God has done for us, we also glory in what God is doing in us.  Salvation always leads to sanctification.
  • God has saved us from our sin so that He can change us from the inside out, so that we can do good works.

For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:  (9)  Not of works, lest any man should boast.  (10)  For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus unto good works, which God hath before ordained that we should walk in them.

Ephesians 2:8-10

  • In Ephesians 2:10 the Bible describes believers as God’s “workmanship”.  The word is transliterated “poiema”.
  • The “poiema” is best understood as “product” or the “thing that is made”.
    • The “poiema” of a writer is his book.
    • The “poiema” of a painter is his painting.
    • The “poiema” of a sculptor is his sculpture.
  • If we are the “poiema” of God, then what is his brush, his chisel, or his pen?
  • Romans 5:3-4 tell us that God uses tribulations, trials, difficulties, as the tools of his trade to make us into the “poiema” that He envisions.
  • He wants to use us to work for Him in the world.  To be used we have to be changed.
  • Tribulation brings about patience, which leads to experience, which convinces us to trust God more giving us hope.
  • Through God being with us in the tribulation, and growing us in it, we are convinced of His love.
  • Why?  Because God doesn’t just make us go through the difficulty alone.  He indwells us through the difficulty, convincing us of His love, and guiding us through it.


  • When we go through difficulty, we must remember the aim of God in the midst of it.  God allows tribulation to make us into the people of God that He wants us to be.
  • We don’t want to fight God in His process of making us into His “poiema”.
  • The worst thing we could do is to go through the difficulty and not grow, learn, or be changed in any way.  Don’t waste what God is trying to do.  He wants to teach us patience, experience and hope, and He wants us to know that He loves us.


  • If you’re going through something difficult, ask God to make your heart open to what He wants you to learn.
  • If you’re not going through something difficult, take time to thank God for the past lessons He has taught you through difficulty.
  • If you know of someone going through difficulty, take some time today to encourage them.

Fact #2- The Cost of Justification.  V.6-8.


For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.  (7)  For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.  (8)  But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.

Rom 5:6-8



  • On our own we have no capacity to be right with God.  We can’t keep the law.  By being guilty in one point, we are guilty in all.  The reality is that we are all guilty in many points, and so we are without moral or spiritual strength.
  • It is when we found ourselves in this condition that Christ died for us.  Think about how incredible this reality is!
  • It is rare for a person to die for someone else.
  • It is even rare for someone to “dare to die”- pledge their death, or say that they would die- for someone else.
  • If I were to ask most people who they would die for, I would imagine the list would be short, and anyone that would be on the list would be people that were loved.
  • But this is not how God’s love is.  God showed us his love in a tangible way.
  • God demonstrated His love by Christ’s sacrificial death on the cross when we were unlovely.
  • He died for us when we were sinners, unworthy of his love, and as we’ll see later, worthy of His wrath.
  • Our salvation is sure, because, being justified, we’ve been given peace, access, grace, hope, and love.  What kind of love


  • Our salvation is sure.  It is a promise from God.
  • He says that when we repent and trust, He justifies.  He declares us righteous.
  • This means I can be sure of my salvation.  I can live a life with the assurance of the love of God.
  • I can live a life that is holy not because I’m trying to earn or keep my salvation, but rather to honor and worship the One who gave me salvation.
  • He sends His Spirit into my life having transformed me from the inside out.


Fact #3- The Results of Justification.  V.9-11


Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.  (10)  For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.  (11)  And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.

Romans 5:9-11



  • Paul, having the experience and the influence of being around jewish rabbis, was used to a teaching method of teaching from the lesser to the greater.
  • “Much more then” is  a classic example.  What is amazing about the truth that he is expounding is that the “lesser” is already pretty incredible.
  • What has he said?
    • We have peace with God.
    • We have been given access to God through a position of grace.
    • God became flesh and died for us while we were sinners!
    • Now he goes on to this incredible truth.  Because of the blood of Jesus Christ we will be saved from the wrath of God.
      • No punishment.
      • No hell.
      • No pain.
      • No separation from God.
      • It was all poured out on Jesus on the cross for us.
    • We were reconciled, or brought near by the death of Christ.  Now that we’ve been reconciled, we will be saved by the life of Christ.
    • This brings us joy and fulfillment in God through Jesus Christ right now.
    • It impacts our past in that all of our sins have been forgiven, it impacts our future, in that we will be saved by His life and won’t go to hell, and it impacts our present because we joy in God having received this atonement!
    • Our sins are forgiven.  Our punishment has been given.  God’s wrath has been satisfied.  Now we are living the benefits, and looking forward to the benefits to come!



  • All of these benefits come by faith.  Justification with God comes by faith through grace.  Have you put your faith in Jesus Christ for forgiveness of sins?
  • What about your friends?  Family? Co-workers?  Neighbors?  Do they know?


We can have peace with God by responding to 3 facts about justification.

Fact #1- The Benefits of Justification.  V.1-5

Fact #2- The Cost of Justification.  V.6-8.

Fact #3- The Results of Justification.  V.9-11


  1. Trust.

Romans 10:9-13  That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.  (10)  For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.  (11)  For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.  (12)  For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him.  (13)  For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

  1. Praise.

In Christ alone! – who took on flesh,

Fullness of God in helpless babe.

This gift of love and righteousness,

Scorned by the ones He came to save

Till on that cross as Jesus died,

The wrath of God was satisfied

For every sin on Him was laid

Here in the death of Christ I live.

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