Luke- Session 25- Identifying Jesus

Session 25 – Identifying Jesus

Scripture:  Luke 24:18-35

Subject: Jesus Identity

Central Theme: Responding to Jesus Identity

Objective Statement:  There are four stages of belief in this text that help us identify where we are in response to Jesus’ identity.

Keyword: Stages of Belief


  1. Confused about Jesus identity.
  2. Convinced about Jesus identity.
  3. Convictional of Jesus identity.
  4. Commissioned by Jesus identity.

Lesson Resources:

Luke Session 25



  • Who is the greatest basketball player of all time?
    • Lebron James?
    • Michael Jordan?
    • Eric “the GOAT” Maginault
  • It’s something that is debated all the time.
  • I’m kind of partial to Larry Bird myself.
  • But who you identify in that debate, as important as it is to some, will not be important in 5 minutes, much less in 500 years, or 5 million.


  • But when it comes to identifying Jesus Christ, that is absolutely crucial.
  • Identifying who He is personally is the most important decision you and I must make.
  • And in our text today, this is made abundantly clear.

There are four stages of belief in this text that help us identify where we are in response to Jesus’ identity.

Stage #1- Confused about Jesus identity.


(18)  And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?

  • Here we see 2 disciples. One of them was named Cleopas.
  • We know that they were on the road to Emmaus.
  • While they were walking Jesus himself comes along side of them.
  • He hears their conversation, which we know at this time was about Jesus’s death and burial. (v.14).

Luk 24:14  And they talked together of all these things which had happened.

  • We know also that Jesus’ identity, in this moment, was supernaturally being concealed from them. Verse 16 tells us that.

Luk 24:16  But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.

  • So then Jesus asks them, as he often did, a question for which He obviously knew the answer.

Luke 24:17  And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad?

  • This is the reason for their questioning back of Jesus. They can’t identify Him in that moment, and this is illustrative of the stage that they were in.

Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?

(19)  And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people:

  • Notice the confusion here.
  • They called him “Jesus of Nazareth”, not “Jesus Christ”.
  • They called him a “prophet”, not the Messiah.
  • They knew that He was from God at this point, but they were short of saying that He had fulfilled His promise and confirmed His identity as Messiah.
  • They said He was from God, but not that He was God.
  • They were confused as to the meaning of His sacrificial death.

(20)  And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him.

(21)  But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done.

  • They were also confused by the happenings at His tomb.

(22)  Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre;

(23)  And when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive.

(24)  And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.

  • To summarize what they were saying:
    • The women have seen something.
    • They saw Jesus body missing.
    • They saw the empty tomb.
    • They saw angels.
    • But then the disciples went to the seplechur and they didn’t see Jesus.
    • So, we are confused. We are not sure.  We don’t know the point of all of this, and whether He is alive.


  • Isn’t this where a lot of people are in relation to Jesus’ identity?
    • Sure, He was from God.
    • Sure, He taught some amazing things.
    • But did He really rise from the dead.
  • This is where people over the years have made this analogy about Jesus.
    • Jesus claimed to be the Son of God. He claimed that He would rise from the dead. So, He must be one of these four things:
      • Liar- He said He was God and He was not.
      • Lunatic- He said He was God, and was therefore crazy.
      • Legend- Others stole the body and claimed He was God risen from the dead. The problem with this idea is that they all died for this proposition.  Thousands believed in the place where it was most easily refuted, and many of them died for that belief as well.
      • Lord- He is exactly who He said He was and confirmed it by rising from the dead.

Stage #2- Being Convinced about Jesus identity.

  • Notice how Jesus, identity yet concealed to them, responded to their confusion.

(25)  Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken:

  • Jesus calls them out!
  • He says that the problem here is that they were “slow of heart to believe”.
  • He had told them many times that He would die, be buried, and rise again.
  • Now He engages them in Bible study. Look at what He said:

(26)  Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory?

(27)  And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

  • Jesus didn’t just reveal Himself in that moment to make them believe by sight.
  • He opened up the Word of God to them as it was revealed in “Moses and all the prophets”.
  • This expression, “Moses and all the prophets” is a reference to the Torah (Genesis through Deuteronomy) and the rest of the Old Testament.
  • Jesus took them book by book through the Old Testament as He walked and explained from the scripture who He is.
  • We’ve looked at so many of those passages- from Psalm 22, to Isaiah 53. Those are some of the most obvious, yet notice that this passage said “that Jesus expounded unto them in all the scriptures things concerning Himself.”
  • The whole Bible is about Jesus.


  • There are all kinds of external evidence in the Bible that points to the Bible being true.
  • There are evidences that we ought to know.
  • But there is nothing that circumvents the power and authority of the Scripture.
  • The Word of God is its own defense.
  • The Truth of God’s Word is like a lion that should just be let go. It will do the work of God in people’s hearts.
  • The Truth is that the whole Bible is the remedy to resolving the confusion that people have about who Jesus is.
  • The Bible is about Jesus!

Stage #3- Convictional of Jesus identity.

(28) And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further.  (29)  But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.  (30)  And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them.  (31)  And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.

  • It looked as if Jesus wanted to continue on without them, but they pleaded with Him to stay and eat with them.
  • They certainly must have begun being convinced as to who Jesus was, and yet He was still unknown in that moment to them as we will see.
  • Jesus does stay with them. They sit down for a meal.
  • When they started the meal He prayed, then broke the bread, and handed it to them.
  • He had broken bread with them so many times:
    • The disciples had lived with Jesus for so much of His ministry. I’m sure they ate together a lot.
      • They brought Him food when he talked to the Samaritan woman.
      • They had seen him multiply bread and fish when he fed the 5,000.
      • He had broken the bread with the disciples and told them that it was His body that was broken for them.
      • He had even instituted the Lord’s supper where they would remember His broken body.
    • And it was in this moment, where the bread was broken, that these disciples’ eyes were opened.
    • They had been convinced by the scripture Jesus taught, and now they were being convinced by seeing their Lord Himself.
    • Immediately when they rightly identified Him, He vanished.


  • This is the stage that so many need to get to in their identity of Jesus.
  • Those who are confused by who Jesus was, need to be convinced through the scripture.
  • But it is not just to know that the scripture speaks of Him. It’s not enough to know that He died on the cross for our sins.
  • There must come a point in time where each person is convictional about the identity of Jesus.
  • There must come a point where one personally believes- He is the Christ. He is my Lord.  He is my Savior.  It must come to the point of conviction.
  • Paul said it this way:

“That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus; and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised Him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.  For with the heart believeth unto righteousness, and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.”

  • Then when someone comes to believe and call on the name of the Lord to save Him they must move on to the next stage.

Stage #4- Commissioned by Jesus identity.

(32)  And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures?

  • Look at what they said: “Did not our heart burn within us”.
  • This wasn’t a matter of digestion. It was a matter of conviction.
  • Were we not convinced? What convinced us?  “while he opened to us the scriptures”.
  • Their conviction lead to their commission.
  • If Jesus is real, we have to reveal.
  • If it is true, we must tell.
  • If He is God, then we must go!
  • Look at what they did:

(33)  And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them,

(34)  Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon.

(35)  And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.

  • What did Jesus tell the disciples that He was going to do in their lives?
  • “Follow me, and I will make you to become fishers of men!”


  • Is it true that Jesus is who He said He was?
  • Is it true that the whole Bible speaks about Him?
  • Is it true that His identity, rightly identified, is the issue in being saved?
  • Then we have to realize that to know Christ is to be a follower of Jesus Christ!
  • Paul put it this way in Romans 10:


Romans 10:13-17

For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.  (14)  How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear without a preacher?  (15)  And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!  (16)  But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?  (17)  So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.



  • Don’t be confused about Jesus’ identity. He is the risen Savior.
  • It is time to know what the Bible says and believe who He is.
  • We must not just know about Him. We must trust in Him.
  • When we do, He will save us!
  • And once we are saved, we have a responsibility to be on mission, telling everyone we can who He is, why He died and rose again, and how they can be sure about their salvation!

There are four stages of belief in this text that help us identify where we are in response to Jesus’ identity.

  1. Confused about Jesus identity.
  2. Convinced about Jesus identity.
  3. Convictional of Jesus identity.
  4. Commissioned by Jesus identity.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.