Luke- Session 17- Who is Jesus?

Session 17- Who is Jesus?

Luke 19:28-40

Subject: Jesus

Central Theme Jesus Identity

Objective Statement: When we properly understand who Jesus is we will respond to three aspects of his identity.


Session Resources:

Luke Session 17 Luke 19 28-40



  • Discussion Question: When and how do you respond to someone’s identity?
  • Possible Answers:
    • Police lights make us pull over.
    • The president showing up to our house would cause us to respond certain ways.


  • In today’s text we see Jesus making certain claims as to his identity through His actions.
  • We also see people responding in differing ways based on who they thought Jesus was.

When we properly understand who Jesus is we will respond to three aspects of his identity.


1. We respond to his authority with obedience.

(28)  And when he had thus spoken, he went before, ascending up to Jerusalem.

(29) And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples,  (30)  Saying, Go ye into the village over against you; in the which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat: loose him, and bring him hither.  (31)  And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of him.

Luke 19:28-31



Throughout the book of Luke we have seen Jesus’ ministry going from Galilee towards Jerusalem.  As the narrative unveils He is in the north heading towards the south.  There have been references to Jesus and Jerusalem before.


For instance, as Jesus had grown in popularity and noteriety, pharisees and leaders from Jerusalem were come to see him.


Luke 5:17

(17)  And it came to pass on a certain day, as he was teaching, that there were Pharisees and doctors of the law sitting by, which were come out of every town of Galilee, and Judaea, and Jerusalem: and the power of the Lord was present to heal them.


Jerusalem was a central place for the religious authorities.  The temple was there.  So many of these religious authorities that came from Jerusalem were not accepting of His claims to Messiahship or authority.  It went against their authority.


Jesus gave his disciples a task to do.  Now we are not sure of which disciples they were.  We know that Jesus had more disciples than just the 12.  At one point he sent out 70 in pairs of two.  They are purposely unamed here.


There isn’t much explanation needed as to the facts of what He told them to do.  It is relatively self-explanatory.  Go into the village.  You’ll find an unbroken colt.  Take him.

If anyone asks you why, tell him that the Lord needs him.


There are a couple of truths that we are reminded of about Jesus.

  1. Jesus, being God, is all knowing. Jesus knows that this animal exists. He know where the animal is.  He knows that a person will ask why they are taking him.  He knows that they will be ok with the answer He gives His disciples to say.
  2. Jesus, being God, owns everything. This is not stealing. Jesus has the authority to use His creation.  He has the authority to tell his disciples to go do something.  He has the authority to take this animal and use it for His purposes.
  3. Jesus, being God, is executing His plan. He is not being haphazard in the way that He is living out this plan of redemption.



We can trust Jesus, and obey Him, because He is all knowing and has an incredible plan.  Because He owns everything we are just stewards of what He has given to us.



Is there anything making it difficult for you to trust God’s plan today?

(32)  And they that were sent went their way, and found even as he had said unto them.  (33)  And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, Why loose ye the colt?  (34)  And they said, The Lord hath need of him.



These 2 disciples obey Jesus’ command to them.  They go to the town and everything was exactly as Jesus said it would be.  Not only was the detail correct about where the colt would be, the question of the people in asking at the time they took it was precisely what Jesus said would happen.  They said what Jesus told them to say and they had no problem performing the task.


Now, Jesus riding on a colt was in fulfillment of the prophecy in Zechariah 9:9.


(9)  Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.

Zechariah 9:9


We know that what we are about to read was the fulfillment of that prophecy because of what the Gospel of Matthew says in the same accounting.


Matthew 21:4-5

(4)  All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying,

(5)  Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.



Today’s application is very straightforward and simple.  Do not let its simplicity move past you.  Certainly Jesus should be obeyed because He is God and is our authority.  Jesus should also be obeyed because He can be trusted.  He is all-powerful, all-knowing, and everywhere present, and He has used His authority and power to help us.  Even when we do not understand exactly what He is asking us to do, we should trust Him.  That trust is fully expressed in obedience to what He says.



Are you being disobedient to God in some part of your life today?


When we properly understand who Jesus is we will respond to three aspects of his identity.


1. We respond to his authority with obedience.

2.  We respond to his royalty with rejoicing.

(35)  And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon.  (36)  And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way.  (37)  And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen;  (38)  Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.



When Jesus sat on the donkey coming into Jerusalem, He was saying something about Himself.


First, He was identifying himself as king.  When Jesus rode in on a donkey, He did what others in the line of David had done when going into their coronation.  As we have already mentioned, this was foretold in Zecheriah 9:9.  Jesus is coming in as the triumphant, yet humble, king.  Spreading out garments on the road would have been recognition of him as king.


Second, He was identifying himself as Messiah.  Someone in the line of David coming to be king was exacly what the Messiah was to be.  Echos of Psalm 118 being spoken in this moment point to the fact that the people and Jesus saw this as a fulfilling of Him as Messiah.


Psalms 118:21-29

(21)  I will praise thee: for thou hast heard me, and art become my salvation.

(22)  The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner.

(23)  This is the LORD’S doing; it is marvellous in our eyes.

(24)  This is the day which the LORD hath made; we will rejoice and be glad in it.

(25)  Save now, I beseech thee, O LORD: O LORD, I beseech thee, send now prosperity.

(26)  Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the LORD: we have blessed you out of the house of the LORD.

(27)  God is the LORD, which hath shewed us light: bind the sacrifice with cords, even unto the horns of the altar.

(28)  Thou art my God, and I will praise thee: thou art my God, I will exalt thee.

(29)  O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever.


The multitude of disciples saw Jesus’ actions as claim to being both king and Messiah.  They saw him, at least in part, as the being salvation in some sense.  Althought they didn’t fully understand what that salvation meant, they rejoiced in that He was bringing salvation.



We must look to Jesus and Jesus alone for salvation.  When we do, we can rejoice because salvation can be found exclusively in Him.  We should rejoice in His salvation for us, and share His salvation with others.



Have you looked to Jesus for salvation?


When we properly understand who Jesus is we will respond to three aspects of his identity.


1. We respond to his authority with obedience.

2.  We respond to his royalty with rejoicing.

3.  We respond to his worth with praise.


(39)  And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.



Not everyone in the multitude was a disciple.  The Pharisees went to Jesus and demanded that he stop the people from worshipping him as Messiah.  In essence they were saying, we know your not God, and you should recognize that you are not God either.  You should not accept worship from these people.  You are not king.  You are not messiah.  You should not be worshipped.



There are many who do not recognize Jesus as King, Messiah, or Lord.  Yet, there opinion does not make it so.



– Do you recognize Jesus as Lord?


(40)  And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.



What was Jesus response to these pharisees?  There was a fundamentaly disagreement about His idenitity.  He said that if they didn’t praise, the supernatural would happen.  The rocks would praise Him if the people did not.  His Worth as Savior and Lord will be recognized.  He will be praised, if not by people, then by the rocks themselves.



How is your praise?  When you sing in church is it really God directed in your heart?  Do you live your life as unto Jesus?  Do recognize Jesus for who He truly is in your praise?



Take some time today to praise Jesus!



When we properly understand who Jesus is, we will respond to three aspects of his identity.


1. We respond to His authority with obedience.

2.  We respond to His royalty with rejoicing.

3.  We respond to His worth with praise.


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