Numbers and Deuteronomy- Session 11- Revealed

Session 11- Revealed

Deuteronomy 18:15-22

Resources:

 

Subject:  Prophecy

Central Theme:  Role of Prophecy

Objective Sentence:
Every believer should value the role of prophecy in their lives by observing three factors made clear in Deuteronomy 18:15-22

 

Factor #1- The need for prophecy.  V.15-17.

Factor #2- The provision of prophecy.  V.18-19.

Factor #3- The test of prophecy.  V.20-22.

 

Introduction:

Connection:

  • Object Lesson Option: Bring in something that has great value to you that may not have a lot of value to someone else- something that has sentimental value.
  • At the end of 2019 my grandmother passed away.
  • After her death, which was somewhat sudden, there was this strange exercise that many people have to walk through that I experienced myself.
  • We went over to her house to begin the process of dealing with all of her possessions.
  • I was posed with the question, “Is there anything you want to take?”
  • It was weird because there wasn’t really that much that I wanted to put in the van and take back to Ohio.
  • One thing I took though was this clock. (Visual).
  • To be honest with you, I don’t think it is a very expensive clock. It doesn’t really faithfully tell time.  It has this thing at the bottom that spins.
  • If I had never seen this before, and came across it at a store, I don’t think I would buy it.
  • But this clock has value to me.
  • Why?
  • Because as long as I can remember this clock was above my grandma’s TV in her house.
  • When I see this clock it reminds me of her.
  • The value of this clock for me is not in its function, but in the memories it produces.
  • In other words it has sentimental value.
  • Discussion Question: What are some categories of things that people value?
    • Possible Answers: (Others.    Money. Possessions.  Relationships.)
  • There is great diversity to how we value one thing over another, but one thing that every human being has in common is that we all value something.
  • We see some things as very common, and other things as precious.

Tension:

  • Today I want to do one of two things for you through this lesson.
  • I either want to add to your list of categories of things you value.
  • Or I want to help you re-prioritize the things you value by adding this one category.
  • It may not be something you value now, or it may be something you do value but need to value more highly.
  • Today I want to talk to you about prophecy.
  • A prophet is someone who spoke on behalf of God to others.
  • The resulting work of their ministry was prophecy.
  • Prophecy is not only foretelling, it is also forth-telling.
  • A prophet is someone who spoke revelation from God to God’s people.
  • Today there are no more active prophets in that sense. There is no new revelation from God.
  • Why? Because we have a sufficient Word of God in our hands.
  • And today, I want you to value the role that prophecy – the revelation from God- more highly than you already do.

Every believer should value the role of prophecy in their lives by observing three factors made clear in Deuteronomy 18:15-22

Factor #1- The Need for Prophecy.  V.15-17.

15 The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken;

Deuteronomy 18:15

Explanation:

  • In today’s text Moses foretells of a prophetic ministry that will happen among the people of Israel. God had used Moses to speak on behalf of himself to the people. In Exodus 20:18-20, right after the people had received the 10 commandments from God through Moses they said something interesting:

18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off. 19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.

21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

Exodus 20:18-21

  • The children of Israel knew they needed God’s Word, but they also knew they needed a mediator between them and God.
  • Moses had been a prophet, speaking on behalf of God to the people, and a mediator, going to God on behalf of the people.
  • In many ways, Moses was like Jesus Christ.
    • In fact, many believe that because of the singular use of the word “Prophet” in this verse describes the coming prophetic ministry of Jesus.
    • We know this is an accurate interpretation because of what Peter, by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit said when he quoted this verse:

20 And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you: 21 Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all his holy prophets since the world began.

22 For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say unto you.

23 And it shall come to pass, that every soul, which will not hear that prophet, shall be destroyed from among the people.

Acts 3:20-23

  • As we read the rest of this text, we will see that God was foretelling his use of prophets succeeding Moses to help lead his people, but He also was prophesying of the coming Jesus who would reveal God to His people, and would mediate a new covenant to men.

Application:

  • It’s an amazing thing to think that we can think God’s thoughts after Him as we read scripture.
  • He has revealed God to us in such a practical and incredible way.
  • We can see the revelation of God in the person of Jesus Christ who is the living Word, and ever lives to make intercession for us!
  • We can hear from Him through His Word, and we can go to God as He intercedes for us!
  • If God has spoken to us through His Word, then He expects us to know what it says, and to obey it! Where do you need to be obedient today?
  • Is there something between you and God? Today, go to God, knowing that Christ will intercede on your behalf. He is faithful and just to forgive us from our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness

16 According to all that thou desiredst of the Lord thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the Lord my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not. 17 And the Lord said unto me, They have well spoken that which they have spoken.

Deuteronomy 18:16-17

Explanation

  • Moses continues to address the people, letting them know that God acknowledged to him the rightness of the request.
  • The children of Israel had asked Moses for there to be some reprieve from the glory of God. They were so fearful of the Lord that they asked Moses for this because they were afraid of dying because of the glory of God.
  • This truth was echoed by the Lord himself to Moses.

18 And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy glory. 19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the Lord before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy.

20 And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.

Exodus 33:18-20

  • Because of our unholiness and unworthiness, none of us are able to stand before God on our own.
  • When Adam and Eve sinned, their eyes were opened and the knew they were naked. Then they went and hid themselves. Sin lead to shame, fear and death. Sin always brings death- separation from a holy God.
  • God heard their request and granted it, making Moses a mediator between Him and them. God provided Jesus Christ as a mediator of a better covenant.

5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; 6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

2 Timothy 2:5-6

  • The truth is that we need God’s revelation.
  • On our own we could not get to God.
  • We need God to come to us.
  • We need a Word from the Lord letting us know what God’s Will and plan is for our lives.
  • And the truth is we need someone to go to God on our behalf. He has provided that through His Son.

Factor #2- The Provision of Prophecy.  V.18-19.

18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.

19 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.

Deuteronomy 18:18-19

Their are two facts that the children of Israel would have understood from this text.

  • Fact #1- The prophet would speak God’s Words.

    • The original readers of this text would have understood that God was raising up a prophet, beyond Moses to act as a revealer and a mediator between them and God.
    • God was telling them through Moses that this coming prophet would say what God wanted Him to say (“…and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him.”
  • Fact #2- The people would be responsible to obey God’s Words spoken by the prophet.

    • There will be times where the Old Testament prophet would speak on his own, and there would be times He would speak God’s Words.
    • The authority wasn’t his own authority, but Gods.
    • When “…he shall speak in my (God’s) name, I will require it of him”.
    • Of course, when the prophet is Jesus Christ, the prophet that would come, He would speak on His own Authority.
    • Why? Because He was God in the flesh. He was the Word. He came to reveal God to us. If people do not believe in Jesus God will hold them responsible for their sin!

Application:

  • We have the sufficient Word of God written down for us.
    • We are so privileged in that we know what these people don’t know. The prophet that was to come for them was unfulfilled prophecy.
    • For us it is written down and preserved revelation.
    • It is substantiated by History.
    • We have the Holy Spirit that wrote it down indwelling us helping to illuminate what He wrote. We are privileged.
  • We have a responsibility to obey.
    • We will be held accountable for this revelation that we’ve been given.
    • We must study to show ourselves approved unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the Word of Truth.
  • How are you showing an understanding of the privilege you have in possessing the Word of God? What should a person with this privilege do?
  • What implications are there to knowing that God will hold those who do not “hearken unto His Words” responsible? What does that mean for you? For those around you?

Factor #3- The Test of Prophecy.  V.20-22.

(20) But the prophet, which shall presume to speak a word in my name, which I have not commanded him to speak, or that shall speak in the name of other gods, even that prophet shall die.

Deuteronomy 18:20

  • This text is rather straightforward.
  • There were those in the Old Testament that God called to be prophets. Moses states here that God’s standard for prophecy is that when someone speaks on behalf of God that there message is God’s message.
  • When someone misrepresents their word as the Word of God, God would take that person’s life.
  • If the person spoke on behalf of other gods, making their false teaching equivalent with God’s teaching, God would take that person’s life.
  • The penalty for claiming to be a prophet was that clear cut.

Application:

  • This is something that all of us take into account.
  • When we teach others about God, in Word and in example, we must make sure that our message is faithful to God’s message.
  • This is spoken of in the Ten Commandments.

(7) Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

Exo 20:7

  • When we use God’s name to say something He didn’t say, we are using God’s name for something for which He is not responsible.
  • God says that the person that does this shall not be guiltless.
  • When we teach our kids, share the gospel, or converse about God in any way, we must make sure that what we say is consistent with what God has said.
  • Also we need to be careful about false teachers and teaching.
  • The Bible says that one of the roles of the church and church leaders is to equip the saints to identify false teaching.

(14) That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;

(15) But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, even Christ:

Eph 4:14-15

  • We must be careful to identify false teachers, reject their message, and call them to repentance.
  • If they will not conform to the clear teaching of the Word of God they must be rejected.

Response:

  1. What are you saying about God to those around you through your words? by your actions? Is what you are saying consistent with how God has revealed Himself in scripture?
  2. Are you being careful about the teaching you are taking, both religious and non-religious?

 (21) And if thou say in thine heart, How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken? (22) When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously: thou shalt not be afraid of him.

Deuteronomy 18:21-22

Explanation:

  • God raises the question that many of the children of Israel were probably thinking. How can we discern which prophets are from God and which ones are speaking on their own authority? How can we know which one to believe? “How shall we know the word which the Lord hath not spoken?”
  • God answers the question with this answer. The prophet that speaks on behalf of the Lord will have their foretelling come to pass. When God tells of something that will happen through His prophet it will happen.
  • This makes sense, because man being finite and bound by time and space would not have a capacity to truly foretell the future.
  • Being an infinite, eternal, timeless, space-less, immaterial Being, God knows what will happen, and can substantiate His message through the prophet being affirmed by the supernatural foretelling of events that will come to pass.
  • Since the prophet that is false should be rejected, this would serve as a sufficient means for identifying people bold enough to try to fake speaking for God. It would also substantiate those who God wanted to speak as His representatives, saying what He wanted them to say.

Application

  • God is not speaking directly to mankind in the same authoritative way, giving new revelation to mankind in the way that He did with Moses, Isaiah, Paul or Peter.
  • God has already spoken. He substantiated His Word in several ways.
    • In Old Testament Prophecies fulfilled in the Old Testament.
      • The Old Testament foretells of Jesus’ birth, death, burial and ressurection in a way that is undeniable in the New Testament.
    • By the external evidence of God working through the authors of scripture.
      • People like Paul, John, Peter, and the other authors of the New Testament were substantiated by having walked and been dicipled by Jesus, having performed supernatural signs and miracles in the name of Jesus, and giving their lives as martyrs by not denying Jesus as the Resurrected Lord and Savior.
    • By the internal evidence of God working through the pages of scripture.
      • The Bible testifies to itself of its authority. It is its own validation.

(12) For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

Hebrews 4:12

(3) According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue:

2 Peter 1:3

  • There are other evidences that could be mentioned, but it is enough to say this. Today we substantiate the messengers of God by the alignment of what they preach and teach with what the Bible says, and how they live this message out in their own lives.
  • When we speak, we must speak what God’s Word says. When we listen to someone teach us, the question on our hearts must be “is this consistent with what God’s Word says?”

Response:

  1. Do you treasure the miracle that is the written Word of God that you have in your posession? Do your actions and words substantiate this in your life?
  2. When you speak on behalf of God, are you diligently trying to say what God says in His Word?
  3. Are you listenting to people who are not speaking in accordance with His Word?

Conclusion:

Every believer should value the role of prophecy in their lives by observing three factors made clear in Deuteronomy 18:15-22

 

Factor #1- The need for prophecy.  V.15-17.

Factor #2- The provision of prophecy.  V.18-19.

Factor #3- The test of prophecy.  V.20-22.

 

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